pktgen

Linux packet generator is a tool to generate packets at very high speed
in the kernel.

Contents


Setup

Enable CONFIG_NET_PKTGEN to compile and build pktgen.o either in kernel
or as module. Module is preferred. insmod pktgen if needed. Once running
pktgen creates a thread on each CPU where each thread has affinty it's CPU.
Monitoring and controlling is done via /proc. Easiest to select a suitable
a sample script and configure.

On a dual CPU:

 ps aux | grep pkt
 root       129  0.3  0.0     0    0 ?        SW    2003 523:20 [pktgen/0]
 root       130  0.3  0.0     0    0 ?        SW    2003 509:50 [pktgen/1]

For montoring and control pktgen creates:

  • /proc/net/pktgen/pgctrl
  • /proc/net/pktgen/kpktgend_X
 # cat /proc/net/pktgen/kpktgend_0 
 Name: kpktgend_0  max_before_softirq: 10000
 Running: 
 Stopped: eth1 
 Result: OK: max_before_softirq=10000

Most important the devices assigned to thread. Note! A device can only belong
to one thread.

  • /proc/net/pktgen/ethX

Param section holds configured info. Current hold running stats.
Result is printed after run or after interruption. Example:

 # cat /proc/net/pktgen/eth1
 Params: count 10000000  min_pkt_size: 60  max_pkt_size: 60
      frags: 0  delay: 0  clone_skb: 1000000  ifname: eth1
      flows: 0 flowlen: 0
      dst_min: 10.10.11.2  dst_max: 
      src_min:   src_max: 
      src_mac: 00:00:00:00:00:00  dst_mac: 00:04:23:AC:FD:82
      udp_src_min: 9  udp_src_max: 9  udp_dst_min: 9  udp_dst_max: 9
      src_mac_count: 0  dst_mac_count: 0 
      Flags: 
 Current:
      pkts-sofar: 10000000  errors: 39664
      started: 1103053986245187us  stopped: 1103053999346329us idle: 880401us
      seq_num: 10000011  cur_dst_mac_offset: 0  cur_src_mac_offset: 0
      cur_saddr: 0x10a0a0a  cur_daddr: 0x20b0a0a
      cur_udp_dst: 9  cur_udp_src: 9
      flows: 0
 Result: OK: 13101142(c12220741+d880401) usec, 10000000 (60byte,0frags)
   763292pps 390Mb/sec (390805504bps) errors: 39664


Confguring

This is done via the /proc interface easiest done via pgset in the
scripts

Examples:

 pgset "clone_skb 1"     sets the number of copies of the same packet
 pgset "clone_skb 0"     use single SKB for all transmits
 pgset "pkt_size 9014"   sets packet size to 9014
 pgset "frags 5"         packet will consist of 5 fragments
 pgset "count 200000"    sets number of packets to send, set to zero
                        for continious sends untill explicitl stopped.
 pgset "delay 5000"      adds delay to hard_start_xmit(). nanoseconds
 pgset "dst 10.0.0.1"    sets IP destination addres
                        (BEWARE! This generator is very aggressive!)
 pgset "dst_min 10.0.0.1"            Same as dst
 pgset "dst_max 10.0.0.254"          Set the maximum destination IP.
 pgset "src_min 10.0.0.1"            Set the minimum (or only) source IP.
 pgset "src_max 10.0.0.254"          Set the maximum source IP.
 pgset "dst6 fec0::1"     IPV6 destination address
 pgset "src6 fec0::2"     IPV6 source address
 pgset "dstmac 00:00:00:00:00:00"    sets MAC destination address
 pgset "srcmac 00:00:00:00:00:00"    sets MAC source address
 pgset "src_mac_count 1" Sets the number of MACs we'll range through.  
                        The 'minimum' MAC is what you set with srcmac.
 pgset "dst_mac_count 1" Sets the number of MACs we'll range through.
                        The 'minimum' MAC is what you set with dstmac.
 pgset "flag [name]"     Set a flag to determine behaviour.  Current flags
                        are: IPSRC_RND #IP Source is random (between min/max),
                             IPDST_RND, UDPSRC_RND,
                             UDPDST_RND, MACSRC_RND, MACDST_RND 
  pgset "udp_src_min 9"   set UDP source port min, If < udp_src_max, then
                        cycle through the port range.
  pgset "udp_src_max 9"   set UDP source port max.
  pgset "udp_dst_min 9"   set UDP destination port min, If < udp_dst_max, then
                        cycle through the port range.
  pgset "udp_dst_max 9"   set UDP destination port max.
  pgset stop    	          aborts injection. Also, ^C aborts generator.


Examples

A collection of small tutorial scripts for pktgen is in expamples dir.

  • pktgen.conf-1-1 # 1 CPU 1 dev
  • pktgen.conf-1-2 # 1 CPU 2 dev
  • pktgen.conf-2-1 # 2 CPU's 1 dev
  • pktgen.conf-2-2 # 2 CPU's 2 dev
  • pktgen.conf-1-1-rdos # 1 CPU 1 dev w. route DoS
  • pktgen.conf-1-1-ip6 # 1 CPU 1 dev ipv6
  • pktgen.conf-1-1-ip6-rdos # 1 CPU 1 dev ipv6 w. route DoS
  • pktgen.conf-1-1-flows # 1 CPU 1 dev multiple flows.

Run in shell: ./pktgen.conf-X-Y It does all the setup including sending.


Interrupt affinity

Note when adding devices to a specific CPU there good idea to also assign
/proc/irq/XX/smp_affinity so the TX-interrupts gets bound to the same CPU.
as this reduces cache bouncing when freeing skb's.


Commands

Pgcontrol commands:

  • start
  • stop

Thread commands:

  • add_device
  • rem_device_all
  • max_before_softirq

Device commands:

  • count
  • clone_skb
  • debug
  • frags
  • delay
  • src_mac_count
  • dst_mac_count
  • pkt_size
  • min_pkt_size
  • max_pkt_size
  • udp_src_min
  • udp_src_max
  • udp_dst_min
  • udp_dst_max
  • flag
    • IPSRC_RND
    • TXSIZE_RND
    • IPDST_RND
    • UDPSRC_RND
    • UDPDST_RND
    • MACSRC_RND
    • MACDST_RND
  • dst_min
  • dst_max
  • src_min
  • src_max
  • dst_mac
  • src_mac
  • clear_counters
  • dst6
  • src6
  • flows
  • flowlen


References


Thanks

Grant Grundler for testing on IA-64 and parisc, Harald Welte, Lennert Buytenhek
Stephen Hemminger, Andi Kleen, Dave Miller and many others.

Groups: