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Modern open source projects rarely consist solely of all new code, written entirely from scratch. More often, they are built from many sources. And, each of these original sources may operate under a particular license – which may also differ from the license that the new project uses.

license scanning and complianceA new publication, called License Scanning and Compliance Programs for FOSS Projects, aims to clarify and simplify this process. This paper, written by Steve Winslow from The Linux Foundation, describes the benefits of license scanning and compliance for open source projects, together with recommendations for how to incorporate scanning and compliance into a new or existing project.

Winslow runs The Linux Foundation’s license scanning and analysis service, and he advises projects about licenses identified in their source code and dependencies.

He says that getting license compliance right early can help attract contributors and users to an open source project. However, he notes that license scanning and compliance are not end goals; rather, they are processes that can serve other objectives, including:

  • Protecting the project’s developers.
  • Assisting downstream compliance efforts.
  • Demonstrating project maturity.  

According to Winslow, “any project that implements license scanning and compliance should aim to make it sustainable” and should set realistic goals to avoid being overwhelmed by the number of options and issues that may arise.

Winslow also explains how using tools, such as FOSSology for license scanning and Software Package Data Exchange (SPDX) to help package scan results into meaningful reports, can help projects succeed in compliance efforts.

Learn more and download this free publication now.

Increasingly, as open source programs become more pervasive at organizations of all sizes, tech and DevOps workers are choosing to or being asked to launch their own open source projects. From Google to Netflix to Facebook, companies are also releasing their open source creations to the community. It’s become common for open source projects to start from scratch internally, after which they benefit from collaboration involving external developers.

Launching a project and then rallying community support can be more complicated than you think, however. A little up-front work can help things go smoothly, and that’s exactly where the new guide to Starting an Open Source Project comes in.

This free guide was created to help organizations already versed in open source learn how to start their own open source projects. It starts at the beginning of the process, including deciding what to open source, and moves on to budget and legal considerations, and more. The road to creating an open source project may be foreign, but major companies, from Google to Facebook, have opened up resources and provided guidance. In fact, Google has an extensive online destination dedicated to open source best practices and how to open source projects.

“No matter how many smart people we hire inside the company, there’s always smarter people on the outside,” notes Jared Smith, Open Source Community Manager at Capital One. “We find it is worth it to us to open source and share our code with the outside world in exchange for getting some great advice from people on the outside who have expertise and are willing to share back with us.”

In the new guide, noted open source expert Ibrahim Haddad provides five reasons why an organization might open source a new project:

  1.    Accelerate an open solution; provide a reference implementation to a standard; share development costs for strategic functions
  2.    Commoditize a market; reduce prices of non-strategic software components.
  3.    Drive demand by building an ecosystem for your products.
  4.    Partner with others; engage customers; strengthen relationships with common goals.
  5.    Offer your customers the ability to self-support: the ability to adapt your code without waiting for you.

The guide notes: “The decision to release or create a new open source project depends on your circumstances. Your company should first achieve a certain level of open source mastery by using open source software and contributing to existing projects. This is because consuming can teach you how to leverage external projects and developers to build your products. And participation can bring more fluency in the conventions and culture of open source communities. (See our guides on Using Open Source Code and Participating in Open Source Communities) But once you have achieved open source fluency, the best time to start launching your own open source projects is simply ‘early’ and ‘often.’”

The guide also notes that planning can keep you and your organization out of legal trouble. Issues pertaining to licensing, distribution, support options, and even branding require thinking ahead if you want your project to flourish.

“I think it is a crucial thing for a company to be thinking about what they’re hoping to achieve with a new open source project,” said John Mertic, Director of Program Management at The Linux Foundation. “They must think about the value of it to the community and developers out there and what outcomes they’re hoping to get out of it. And then they must understand all the pieces they must have in place to do this the right way, including legal, governance, infrastructure and a starting community. Those are the things I always stress the most when you’re putting an open source project out there.”

The Starting an Open Source Project guide can help you with everything from licensing issues to best development practices, and it explores how to seamlessly and safely weave existing open components into your open source projects. It is one of a new collection of free guides from The Linux Foundation and The TODO Group that are all extremely valuable for any organization running an open source program. The guides are available now to help you run an open source program office where open source is supported, shared, and leveraged. With such an office, organizations can establish and execute on their open source strategies efficiently, with clear terms.

These free resources were produced based on expertise from open source leaders. Check out all the guides here and stay tuned for our continuing coverage.

Also, don’t miss the previous articles in the series:

How to Create an Open Source Program

Tools for Managing Open Source Programs

Measuring Your Open Source Program’s Success

Effective Strategies for Recruiting Open Source Developers

Participating in Open Source Communities

Using Open Source Code

Calendar of open source events, including new Open Networking Summit Europe, enable leading technologists to meet, collaborate and innovate in neutral forums

SAN FRANCISCO, November 21, 2017The Linux Foundation, the nonprofit organization enabling mass innovation through open source, today announced its 2018 events schedule. Linux Foundation events are where the creators, maintainers and practitioners of the world’s most important open source projects meet. Linux Foundation events in 2017 attracted over 25,000 developers, sysadmins, architects, community thought leaders, business executives and other industry professionals from more than 5,000 organizations across 85 countries.

The Linux Foundation’s 2018 events will gather 30,000 open source influencers to learn about new trends in open source and share knowledge of best practices across projects dealing with operating systems, cloud applications, containers, IoT, networking, data processing, security, storage, AI, software architecture, edge computing and more. There are also events looking at the business side of open source, gathering business and technical leaders to learn about compliance, governance, building an open source office and other areas.

“It is essential in open source that individuals working on a project have the opportunity to meet and collaborate in person, and Linux Foundation events provide a neutral place for them to do that,” said Jim Zemlin, executive director at The Linux Foundation. “In addition, these events gather leading experts on a wide variety of open source technologies in the same place, enabling them to share ideas and best practices not only within, but across projects. These events truly drive innovation and creativity throughout the community.”

New to Linux Foundation events in 2018 is the expansion of Open Networking Summit (ONS) to Europe. ONS brings together business and technical leaders across enterprise, cloud and service providers to share learnings, highlight innovation and discuss the future of open networking and orchestration. For the first time since its founding seven years ago, ONS will offer two conferences in a single year, with the second taking place in Europe.

The complete schedule and descriptions of all 2018 events follows.

The Linux Foundation’s 2018 Schedule of Events

AGL All Member Meeting Japan   

February 20-21, 2018

The AGL AMM takes place bi-annually and brings the Automotive Grade Linux community together to learn about the latest developments, share best practices and collaborate to drive rapid innovation across the industry.

Open Source Leadership Summit  

March 6-8 2018

Sonoma Valley, California, US

Open Source Leadership Summit is an invitation-only think tank for open source software and collaborative development thought leaders to convene, share best practices and learn how to manage the largest shared technology investments of our time.

Embedded Linux Conference North America + OpenIoT Summit

March 12-14, 2018

Portland, Oregon, US

ELC is the premier vendor-neutral technical conference for companies and developers using Linux in embedded products. OpenIoT Summit delivers the technical knowledge you need to deliver smart connected products and solutions that take advantage of the rapid evolution of IoT technologies. It is the only IoT event focused on the development of open IoT solutions.

Open Networking Summit

March 26 – 29, 2018

Los Angeles, California, US

ONS brings together business and technical leaders across enterprise, cloud and service providers to share learnings, highlight innovation and discuss the future of open networking and orchestration.

Cloud Foundry Summit North America

April 18-20, 2018

Boston, Massachusetts, US

Cloud Foundry Summit is the premier event for end users to learn the platform from those who build and use it every day. Join thousands of developers in Boston to learn how to run apps at scale – using a platform or containers on multiple clouds.

Linux Storage, Filesystems and Memory Management Summit

April 23 – 25, 2018

Deer Valley, UT

The Linux Storage, Filesystem & Memory Management Summit gathers the foremost development and research experts and kernel subsystem maintainers to map out and implement improvements to the Linux filesystem, storage and memory management subsystems.

KubeCon + CloudNativeCon Europe

May 1-3, 2018

Copenhagen, Denmark

KubeCon + CloudNativeCon gathers all CNCF projects under one roof. Join leading technologists from open source cloud native communities to further the advancement of cloud native computing.

Open Source Summit Japan + Automotive Linux Summit

June 20-22, 2018

Tokyo, Japan

Open Source Summit is the leading conference for technologists and open source industry leaders to collaborate and share information, learn about the latest in open source technologies and find out how to gain a competitive advantage by using innovation open solutions.

The co-located Automotive Linux Summit connects the developer community driving the innovation in automotive Linux together with the vendors and users providing and using the code in order to drive the future of embedded devices in the automotive arena.

LinuxCon + ContainerCon + CloudOpen China

June 25-27, 2018

Beijing, China

At LinuxCon + ContainerCon + CloudOpen, attendees will collaborate, share information and learn about the newest and most interesting open source technologies, including Linux, containers, cloud technologies, networking, microservices and more; in addition to gaining insight into how to navigate and lead in the open source community.

Linux Security Summit North America

August 27-28, 2018

Vancouver BC, Canada

A technical forum for collaboration between Linux developers, researchers, and end users with the primary aim of fostering community efforts in analyzing and solving Linux security challenges.

Open Source Summit North America

August 29-31, 2018

Vancouver BC, Canada

Open Source Summit is the premier open source technical conference in North America, gathering 2,000+ developers, operators and community leadership professionals to collaborate, share information and learn about the latest in open technologies, including Linux, containers, cloud computing and more.

Open Networking Summit Europe – NEW

September 25-27, 2018

Amsterdam, Netherlands

ONS Europe brings together business and technical leaders across enterprise, cloud and service providers to share learnings, highlight innovation and discuss the future of open networking and orchestration.

Cloud Foundry Summit Europe

October 10-11, 2018

Basel, Switzerland

Cloud Foundry Summit is the premier event for end users to learn the platform from those who build and use it every day. Join thousands of developers to learn how to run apps at scale – using a platform or containers on multiple clouds.

JS Interactive (formerly Node.js Interactive)

October 10-12, 2018

Vancouver, Canada

At JS Interactive, attendees collaborate face-to-face, network, and learn how to better their skills with JS in IoT, server side, client side, serverless, and more. The program will cover a broad spectrum of the JavaScript ecosystem including Node.js, frameworks, best practices and stories from successful end-users. This is the one JavaScript conference you can’t afford to miss.

Embedded Linux Conference Europe + OpenIoT Summit Europe

October 22-24, 2018

Edinburgh, UK

ELC is the premier vendor-neutral technical conference for companies and developers using Linux in embedded products. OpenIoT Summit delivers the technical knowledge you need to deliver smart connected products and solutions that take advantage of the rapid evolution of IoT technologies. It is the only IoT event focused on the development of open IoT solution.

Open Source Summit Europe

October 22-24, 2018

Edinburgh, UK

Open Source Summit is the premier open source technical conference in Europe, gathering 2,000+ developers, operators and community leadership professionals to collaborate, share information and learn about the latest in open technologies, including Linux, containers, cloud computing and more.

Linux Security Summit Europe

October 25-26, 2018

Edinburgh, UK

A technical forum for collaboration between Linux developers, researchers, and end users with the primary aim of fostering community efforts in analyzing and solving Linux security challenges.

Kernel Summit + Linux Plumbers Conference

November 12-15, 2018

Vancouver BC, Canada

The Linux Kernel Summit brings together the world’s leading core kernel developers to discuss the state of the existing kernel and plan the next development cycle.

The co-located Linux Plumbers Conference brings together the top developers working on the “plumbing” of Linux — kernel subsystems, core libraries, windowing systems, etc. — and gives them three days to work together on core design problems.

KubeCon + CloudNativeCon North America

December 11-13, 2018

Seattle, WA

KubeCon + CloudNativeCon gathers all CNCF projects under one roof. Join leading technologists from open source cloud native communities to further the advancement of cloud native computing.

Event dates and locations will be announced shortly for additional 2018 events including:

  • The API Strategy & Practice Conference (APIStrat)
  • KubeCon + CloudNativeCon China – NEW
  • KVM Forum
  • MesosCon events
  • Open Compliance Forum
  • A new blockchain conference from the Hyperledger Project, and more.

Speaking proposals are now being accepted for the following 2018 events:

  • Cloud Foundry Summit North America (Submission Deadline: Dec 8)
  • Embedded Linux Conference + OpenIoT Summit North America (Submission Deadline: Jan 7)
  • CloudNativeCon+KubeCon Europe (Submission Deadline: Jan 12)
  • Open Networking Summit North America (Submission Deadline: Jan 14)
  • Open Source Leadership Summit (Submission Deadline: Jan 21)
  • LinuxCon + ContainerCon + CloudOpen China (Submission Deadline: Mar 4)
  • Open Source Summit Japan (Submission Deadline: Mar 18)
  • Automotive Linux Summit (Submission Deadline: Mar 18)
  • Open Source Summit North America (Submission Deadline: Apr 29)
  • Open Networking Summit Europe (Submission Deadline: June 24)
  • Open Source Summit Europe (Submission Deadline: Jul 1)
  • Embedded Linux Conference + OpenIoT Summit Europe (Submission Deadline: Jul 1)

To submit a proposal to any of these events, visit http://events.linuxfoundation.org/cfp.

For more information about all Linux Foundation events, please visit: http://events.linuxfoundation.org.

Additional Resources

About The Linux Foundation

The Linux Foundation is the organization of choice for the world’s top developers and companies to build ecosystems that accelerate open technology development and commercial adoption. Together with the worldwide open source community, it is solving the hardest technology problems by creating the largest shared technology investment in history. Founded in 2000, The Linux Foundation today provides tools, training and events to scale any open source project, which together deliver an economic impact not achievable by any one company. More information can be found at www.linuxfoundation.org.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage.

Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

open source program

“We believe that our projects help move the industry forward while giving other companies and individuals the opportunity to use our platform to scale more quickly and build better products.” – Christine Abernathy, Open Source Developer Advocate at Facebook.

Facebook’s open source team was “formally” created in 2009, but the company has built with open source from its inception. Facebook.com was originally built on top of the LAMP (Linux/ Apache/ MySQL/ PHP) stack. And over time Facebook has used and contributed back to these projects, as well as evolved and released new projects such as Hack which has its roots in PHP.

“Open source is core to our engineering DNA. We believe that sharing our code and even hardware designs accelerates the pace of innovation in the world. We believe that our projects help move the industry forward while giving other companies and individuals the opportunity to use our platform to scale more quickly and build better products.” – Christine Abernathy, Open Source Developer Advocate at Facebook.

Custom tools to manage open source

Facebook has a dedicated Tools team within the open source program office that is responsible for building internal tools to help manage its open source portfolio. This includes the projects that Facebook shares, which are mostly hosted on GitHub, as well as the other external projects they contribute to such as the Linux Kernel.

The program office provides a dashboard for each project that includes GitHub metrics such as the number of open issues or the ratio of internal to external contributions for a given time period. Project maintainers are given tools so they can bring GitHub pull requests and issues into their internal review and bug tracking systems. This makes it easier for engineers to manage external issues where they’re most comfortable. Maintainers also have access to workflow tools to reliably push internal commits out to GitHub, making it easy to quickly sync internal and external code bases and reducing the churn on landing external contributions.

The open source team can look at these project dashboards to help analyze the health of a particular project. They’ve even open-sourced some of these workflow tools: mention-bot and FBShipIt.

The team collects top-level statistics on how the overall portfolio is doing through aggregate dashboards across the GitHub orgs they manage. These are used to provide high-level reports to stakeholders and a community of internal open source enthusiasts. The tools team also provides insight into top contributors. Project maintainers are encouraged to refer to this list and reward their top contributors. The company periodically thanks its top internal contributors and makes some of this information available to its internal review systems.

The open source office also provides tooling to guide potential projects through the review process. This helps streamline the process and helps the team easily spot and correct bottlenecks.

The open source team also provides services such as documentation. This includes helping out with the technical content as well as building out some of the documentation infrastructure and templates that projects can use.

Open Source Success Through Steady Progress

At the end of each half the program office identifies goals around metrics they want to achieve. The metrics they track include:

  • The average age of open issues or open pull requests
  • The ratio of external to internal commits
  • The number of commits
  • The growth in followers and forks
  • The number of social media followers.

They’re periodically tweaking what they measure as they refine what it means to maintain a healthy portfolio.

Facebook also surveys new hires every six months to gauge their awareness of its open source program. They set baseline metrics a few surveys back and the goal is to maintain or grow those numbers.

Their open source success isn’t the result of one action but the cumulative effect of a steady stream of quality releases over the years and a focus on growing thriving communities to support those projects.

“Projects like React, React Native, Create-React-App, Immutable, HHVM, Fresco, and GraphQL are the constant beat that have contributed to the success of our program,” Abernathy said.

One of Facebook’s most successful projects is React Native. It makes use of many of Facebook’s tools to help manage the community. For example, mention-bot came out of this project and was a way to quickly identify reviewers for a pull request. FBShipIt helped it cut down the time to bring in external contributions, review them internally, and land these contributions back out to GitHub. In the early days, this process sometimes took a day as much of it is manual. Now this can be done in as little as minutes if it’s an automatic reviews.

The open source program office also provided documentation services to help refresh and keep the React Native site up to date.

Tips for New Open Source Program Managers

Organizations that are just establishing an open source strategy and program office can learn from the success of Facebook’s open source program. Here are the three key practices that Abernathy shared that have contributed to their success as a program office:

  1. When evaluating what to share, it should be something that’s useful to your company. Many of the projects that Facebook shares are used in production and include all the benefits that come along with that. This means those projects are likely to have continued support which in turn means the community is well supported.
  2. Find a way to highlight, promote, and reward your open source contributors, both internal and external. Facebook has periodic reports that highlight its open source heroes. This helps raise the profile of engineers and their work with managers who may sometimes not be managers of that open source project.
  3. As a central program office, find pain points that cut across the various projects and tackle them.

For example, many projects had previously built their own commit copying scripts and it was the number one pain point from a survey they ran at that time. FBShipIt, which copies commits between repositories, was built to address this and it’s owned by the open source team. It moved the burden off the engineering teams and is universally praised for helping smooth the workflow for pulling in external contributions.

Acknowledgments

For this feature we interviewed Christine Abernathy (@abernathyca), Open Source Developer Advocate at Facebook, to learn more about the Facebook’s open source program. Libby Clark performed the interview.

participating in open source

The Linux Foundation’s free online guide Participating in Open Source Communities can help organizations successfully navigate open source waters.

As companies in and out of the technology industry move to advance their open source programs, they are rapidly learning about the value of participating in open source communities. Organizations are using open source code to build their own commercial products and services, which drives home the strategic value of contributing back to projects.

However, diving in and participating without an understanding of projects and their communities can lead to frustration and other unfortunate outcomes. Approaching open source contributions without a strategy can tarnish a company’s reputation in the open source community and incur legal risks.

The Linux Foundation’s free online guide Participating in Open Source Communities can help organizations successfully navigate these open source waters. The detailed guide covers what it means to contribute to open source as an organization and what it means to be a good corporate citizen. It explains how open source projects are structured, how to contribute, why it’s important to devote internal developer resources to participation, as well as why it’s important to create a strategy for open source participation and management.

One of the most important first steps is to rally leadership behind your community participation strategy. “Support from leadership and acknowledgement that open source is a business critical part of your strategy is so important,” said Nithya Ruff, Senior Director, Open Source Practice at Comcast. “You should really understand the company’s objectives and how to enable them in your open source strategy.”

Building relationships is good strategy

The guide also notes that building relationships at events can make a difference, and that including community members early and often is a good strategy. “Some organizations make the mistake of developing big chunks of code in house and then dumping them into the open source project, which is almost never seen as a positive way to engage with the community,” the guide notes. “The reality is that open source projects can be complex, and what seems like an obvious change might have far reaching side effects in other parts of the project.”

Through the guide, you can also learn how to navigate issues of influence in community participation. It can be challenging for organizations to understand how influence is earned within open source projects. “Just because your organization is a big deal, doesn’t mean that you should expect to be treated like one without earning the respect of the open source community,” the guide advises.

The Participating in Open Source Communities guide can help you with these strategies and more, and it explores how to weave community focus into your open source initiatives. It is one of a new collection of free guides from The Linux Foundation and The TODO Group that provide essential information for any organization running an open source program. The guides are available now to help you run an open source program office where open source is supported, shared, and leveraged. With such an office, organizations can efficiently establish and execute on their open source strategies.

These guides were produced based on expertise from open source leaders. Check out the guides and stay tuned for our continuing coverage.

Don’t miss the previous articles in the series:

How to Create an Open Source Program

Tools for Managing Open Source Programs

Measuring Your Open Source Program’s Success

Effective Strategies for Recruiting Open Source Developers

APIs

Learn tricks, shortcuts, and key lessons learned in creating a Developer Experience team, at APIStrat.

Many companies that provide an API also include SDKs. At SendGrid, such SDKs send several billions of emails monthly through SendGrid’s Web API. Recently, SendGrid re-built their seven open source SDKs (Python, PHP, C#, Ruby, Node.js, Java, and Go) to support 233 API endpoints, a process which I’ll describe in my upcoming talk at APIStrat in Portland.

Fortunately, when we started this undertaking, Matt Bernier had just launched our Developer Experience team, covering our open source documentation and libraries. I joined the team as the first Developer Experience Engineer, with a charter to manage the open source libraries in order to ensure a fast and painless integration with every API SendGrid produces.

Our first task on the Developer Engineering side was to update all of the core SendGrid SDKs, across all seven programming languages, to support the newly released third version of the SendGrid Web API and its hundreds of endpoints. At the time, our SDKs only supported the email sending endpoint for version 2 of the API, so this was a major task for one person. Based on our velocity, we calculated that it would take about 8 years to hand code every single endpoint into each library.

This effort involved automated integration test creation and execution with a Swagger/OAI powered mock API server, documentation, code, examples, CLAs, backlogs, and sending out swag. Along the way, we also gained some insights on what should not be automated — like HTTP clients.

In my talk at APIStrat, I am going to share some tricks, automations, shortcuts, and key lessons that I learned on our journey to creating a Developer Experience team:

  • We will walk through what we automated and why, including how we leveraged OpenAPI and StopLight.io to automate SDK documentation, code, examples, and tests.
  • Then we’ll dive into how we used CLA-Assistant.io to automate CLA signing and management along with Kotis’ API to automate sending and managing swag for our contributors.
  • We’ll explore how these changes were received by our community, how we adapted to their feedback and prioritized with the RICE framework.

If you’re interested in attending, please take a moment to register and sign up for my talk. I hope to see you there!

“Recruiting Open Source Developers” is a free online guide to help organizations looking to attract new developers or build internal talent.

Experienced open source developers are in short supply. To attract top talent, companies often have to do more than hire a recruiter or place an ad on a popular job site. However, if you are running an open source program at your organization, the program itself can be leveraged as a very effective recruiting tool. That is precisely where the new, free online guide Recruiting Open Source Developers comes in. It can help any organization in recruiting developers, or building internal talent, through nurturing an open source culture, contributing to open source communities, and showcasing the utility of new open source projects.

Why does your organization need a recruiting strategy? One reason is that the growing shortage of skilled developers is well documented. According to a recent Cloud Foundry report, there are a quarter-million job openings for software developers in the U.S. alone and half a million unfilled jobs that require tech skills. They’re also forecasting the number of unfillable developer jobs to reach one million within the next decade.

Appeal to motivation

That’s a problem, but there are solutions. Effective recruitment appeals to developer motivation. If you understand what attracts developers to work for you, and on your open source projects (and open source, in general) you can structure your recruitment strategies in a way that appeals to them. As the Recruiting Open Source developers guide notes, developers want three things: rewards, respect and purpose.

The guide explains that your recruitment strategy can benefit greatly if you initially hire people who are leaders in open source. “Domain expertise and leadership in open source can sometimes take quite a long time at established companies,” said Guy Martin, Director of Open at Autodesk. “You need to put training together and start working with people in the company to begin to groom them for that kind of leadership. But, sometimes initially you’ve got to bootstrap by hiring people who are already leaders in those communities.”

Train internal talent

Another key strategy that the guide covers is training internal talent to advance open source projects and communities. “You will want to spend time training developers who show an interest or eagerness in contributing to open source,” the guide notes. “It pays to cultivate this next level of developers and include them in the open source decision-making process. Developers gain respect and recognition through their technical contributions to open source projects and their leadership in open source communities.”

In addition, it makes a lot of sense to set up internal systems for tracking the value of contributions to open source. The goal is to foster pride in contributions and emphasize that your organization cares about open source.  “You can’t throw a stone more than five feet in the cloud and not hit something that’s in open source,” said Guy Martin. “We absolutely have to have open source talent in the company to drive what we’re trying to do moving forward.”

Startups, including those in stealth mode, can apply these strategies as well. They can have developers work on public open source projects to establish their influence and showcase it for possible incoming talent. Developers have choices in open source, so the goal is to make your organization attractive for the talent to apply.

Within the guide, Ibrahim Haddid (@IbrahimAtLinux) recommends the following strategies for advancing recruitment strategies:

  1. Hire key developers and maintainers from the open source projects that are important to you.
  2. Allow your developers working on products to spend a certain % of their time contributing upstream.
  3. Set up a mentorship program where senior and more experienced developers guide junior, less experienced ones.
  4. Develop and offer both technical and open source methodology training to your developers.
  5. Participate in open source events. Send your developers and support them in presenting their work.
  6. Provide proper IT infrastructure that will allow your developers to communicate and work with the global open source community without any challenges.
  7. Set up an internal system to track the contributions of your developers and measure their impact.
  8. Internally, plan on contributing and focus on areas that are useful to more than one business unit/ product line.

The Recruiting Open Source Developers guide can help you with all these strategies and more, and it explores how to weave open source itself into your strategies. It is one of a new collection of free guides from The Linux Foundation and The TODO Group that are all extremely valuable for any organization running an open source program. The guides are available now to help you run an open source program office where open source is supported, shared, and leveraged. With such an office, organizations can establish and execute on their open source strategies efficiently, with clear terms.

These guides were produced based on expertise from open source leaders. Check out the guides and stay tuned for our continuing coverage.

Also, don’t miss the previous articles in the series: How to Create an Open Source Program; Tools for Managing Open Source Programs; and Measuring Your Open Source Program’s Success.

 

Open Source Summit livestream

The Linux Foundation is pleased to offer free live video streaming of all keynote sessions at Open Source Summit and Embedded Linux Conference Europe, Oct. 23 to Oct. 25, 2017.

Join 2000 technologists and community members next week as they convene at Open Source Summit Europe and Embedded Linux Conference Europe in Prague. If you can’t be there in person, you can still take part, as The Linux Foundation is pleased to offer free live video streaming of all keynote sessions on Monday, Oct. 23 through Wednesday, Oct. 25, 2017.  So, you can watch the event keynotes presented by Google, Intel, and VMware, among others.

The livestream will begin on Monday, Oct. 23 at 9 a.m. CEST (Central European Summer Time). Sign up now! You can also follow our live event updates on Twitter with #OSSummit.

All keynotes will be broadcasted live, including talks by Keila Banks, 15-year-old Programmer, Web Designer, and Technologist with her father Philip Banks; Mitchell Hashimoto, Founder, HashiCorp Founder of HashiCorp and Creator of Vagrant, Packer, Serf, Consul, Terraform, Vault and Nomad; Jan Kizska, Senior Key Expert, Siemens AG; Dirk Hohndel, VP & Chief Open Source Officer, VMware in a Conversation with Linux and Git Creator Linus Torvalds; Michael Dolan, Vice President of Strategic Programs & The Linux Foundation; and Jono Bacon, Community/Developer Strategy Consultant and Author.

Other featured conference keynotes include:

  • Neha Narkhede — Co-Founder & CTO of Confluent will discuss Apache Kafka and the Rise of the Streaming Platform
  • Reuben Paul — 11-year-old Hacker, CyberShaolin Founder and cybersecurity ambassador will talk about how Hacking is Child’s Play
  • Arpit Joshipura — General Manager, Networking, The Linux Foundation who will discuss Open Source Networking and a Vision of Fully Automated Networks
  • Imad Sousou — Vice President and General Manager, Software & Services Group, Intel
  • Sarah Novotny — Head of Open Source Strategy for GCP, Google
  • And more

View the full schedule of keynotes.

And sign up now for the free live video stream.

Once you sign up to watch the event keynotes, you’ll be able to view the livestream on the same page. If you sign up prior to the livestream day/time, simply return to this page and you’ll be able to view.

The Tools for Managing Open Source Programs guide provides an exhaustive collection of categorized tools that any open source program can benefit from.

Is your organization looking to build out an open source program? If so, you’re not alone, but not every organization has a holistic sense of the available tools that can help create a healthy program. A simple charter document and a few spreadsheets for tracking projects won’t cut it anymore in managing a truly robust open source program. That’s where the new Tools for Managing Open Source Programs guide comes in. It can help any organization launch and maintain a thriving open source program.

“If you have more than 100 code repositories or 100 people that you’re trying to manage, you really can’t have someone doing it manually with spreadsheets anymore,” notes Jeff McAffer, Director of the Open Source Programs Office at Microsoft, in the guide. “Obviously, people still do it that way. But it starts to become ad-hoc and laborious. That’s where tools come into play. They allow you to scale.”

While launching and maintaining an open source program does require dedicated, task-specific tools, it is a mistake to assume that your organization must necessarily build its own tools from the ground up.

“Regarding existing tools and systems, my hope is that we’re quickly getting to a point where a company’s open source program office should not need to create any tools or technologies on their own,” said McAffer. “They should be able to find and use existing open source tools which can be used to manage their open source programs.”

Categorized Tools

The Tools for Managing Open Source Programs guide provides an exhaustive collection of categorized tools that any open source program can benefit from. These include Source Code Scanning and License Compliance tools, Bug Tracking tools, Release Management tools, and more. Are you familiar with FOSSology? It’s a Linux Foundation project that functions as an open source license compliance software toolkit capable of running license, copyright and export control scans from the command line. Have you heard of Docker Hub? It’s a cloud-based registry service that allows users to link to code repositories and build and test their images. These and many, many more useful tools are linked to and explained in the free guide.

Do you know how to answer questions like these?

  • How are your project APIs documented?
  • Have you laid out a Contributor Licensing Agreement that everyone can use?
  • Have you picked the right license for your project?

Various tools can help you determine the right answers to these questions, and the Tools for Managing Open Source Programs guide is a great way to surface them.

Methodologies

It’s important to understand that using open source for business strategy requires its own methodologies and processes which are very different than those needed when using and releasing proprietary software. As the guide notes:

“Nobody said it was going to be simple to move your company into the world of open source. But plenty of other companies, including giants like Microsoft and Google have done this before you and have provided detailed road maps, code, suggestions, and more to make your own journey easier. The creation of an open source program office and the selection of a package of critical tools to get your efforts started are within your grasp. By collaborating on open source projects and inviting others to collaborate with you, your company can gain immeasurable benefits and drive its progress forward with energy and innovation.”

The Tools for Managing Open Source Programs guide is one of a new collection of guides from The Linux Foundation and The TODO Group that are all extremely valuable for any organization setting up an open source program. The guides are available now to help you run an open source program office where open source is supported, shared, and leveraged. With such an office, organizations can establish and execute on their open source strategies efficiently, with clear terms.

These guides were not produced in a vacuum. Far from it. The advice you will find in them grew organically out of many interviews with some of the world’s leading open source experts. We encourage you to check out the guides and stay tuned for our continuing coverage of them.

Also, don’t miss the first article in this series, on How to Create an Open Source Program, which explores everything from the role of the open source program office to how successful open source programs at companies like Google function.

Cloud computing is the cornerstone of the digital economy. Companies across industries now use the cloud — private, public or somewhere in between — to deliver their products and services.

A recent survey of industry analysis and research that we conducted for our 2016 Guide to the Open Cloud report produced overwhelming evidence of this.

Forty-one percent of all enterprise workloads are currently running in some type of public or private cloud, according to 451 Research. That number is expected to rise to 60 percent by mid-2018. And Rightscale reports that some 95 percent of companies are at least experimenting in the cloud. Enterprises are continuing to shift workloads to the cloud as their expertise and experience with the technology increases.

As we mentioned last week, companies in diverse industries — from banking and finance to automotive and healthcare — are facing the reality that they’re now in the technology business. In this new reality, cloud strategies can make or break an organization’s market success. And successful cloud strategies are built on Linux and open source software.

But what does that cloud strategy look like today and what will it look like in the future?

Short Term: Hybrid Cloud Architectures

While deployment and management remain a challenge, microservices architecture is now becoming mainstream. In a recent Nginx survey of 1,800 IT professionals, 44 percent said they’re using microservices in development or in production. Adoption was highest among small and medium-sized businesses. Not coincidentally, the use of public cloud is also predominant among SMBs, which are more nimble and faster to respond to market changes than large enterprises with legacy applications and significant on-premise infrastructure investments.   

Many reports tout hybrid cloud as a fast-growing segment of the cloud. Demand is growing at a compound rate of 27 percent, “far outstripping growth of the overall IT market,” according to researcher MarketsandMarkets. And IDC predicts that more than 80 percent of enterprise IT organizations will commit to hybrid cloud architectures by 2017.

However, hybrid cloud growth is happening predominantly among large enterprises with legacy applications and the budget and staffing to build private clouds. They turn to cloud for storage and scale-out capabilities, but keep most critical workloads on premise.  

In the mid-market, hybrid cloud adoption stands at less than 10 percent, according to 451 Research. Hybrid cloud is, then, a good transition point for legacy workloads and experimenting with cloud implementation. But it suffers from several challenges with more advanced cloud implementations, including management complexity and cost.

“Most organizations are already using a combination of cloud services from different cloud providers. While public cloud usage will continue to increase, the use of private cloud and hosted private cloud services is also expected to increase at least through 2017. The increased use of multiple public cloud providers, plus growth in various types of private cloud services, will create a multi-cloud environment in most enterprises and a need to coordinate cloud usage using hybrid scenarios.

“Although hybrid cloud scenarios will dominate, there are many challenges that inhibit working hybrid cloud implementations. Organizations that are not planning to use hybrid cloud indicated a number of concerns, including: integration challenges, application incompatibilities, a lack of management tools, a lack of common APIs and a lack of vendor support,” according to Gartner’s 2016 Public Cloud Services worldwide forecast.

Long term: Microservices on the Public Cloud

Over the long term, workloads are shifting away from hybrid cloud to a public cloud market dominated by providers like AWS, Azure, and Google Compute. “The share of enterprise workloads moved to the public cloud is expected to triple over the next five years,” from 16 percent to 41.3 percent of workloads runnin g in the public cloud, according to a recent JP Morgan survey of enterprise CIOs. Among this group, 13 percent said they view AWS as “intrinsic to future growth.”

By the end of 2016 the public cloud services market will reach $208.6 billion in revenue, growing by 172 percent from $178 billion in 2015, according to Gartner. Cloud application services (software-as-a-service or SaaS) is one of the largest segments of that and is expected to grow by 21.7 percent in 2016 to reach $38.9 billion while Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) is projected to see the most growth at 42.8 percent in 2016.

The public cloud itself is largely built on open source software. Offerings including Amazon EC2, Google Compute Engine and OpenStack are all built on open source technologies. They provide APIs that are well documented. They also provide a framework that is consistent enough to allow users to duplicate their infrastructure from one cloud to another without a significant amount of customization.

This allows for application portability, or the ability to move from one system to another without significant effort. The less complex the application the more likely that it can remain portable across cloud providers. And so the development practice that seems to be most suited for this is to abstract things into their simplest parts — a microservices architecture.

A whole new class of open source cloud computing projects has now begun to leverage the elasticity of the public cloud and enable applications designed and built to run on it. Organizations should become familiar with these open source projects, with which IT managers and practitioners can build, manage, and monitor their current and future mission-critical cloud resources.

Learn more about trends in open source cloud computing and see a list of the top open source cloud computing projects. Download The Linux Foundation’s Guide to the Open Cloud report today!

Read the other articles in the series:

4 Notable Trends in Open Source Cloud Computing

3 Emerging Cloud Technologies You Should Know

Why the Open Source Cloud Is Important