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Alibaba Cloud, AWS, Cloud Foundry, Docker, Google, IBM, Rancher Labs and more support promotion of ecosystem’s most-widely adopted container runtime

SAN FRANCISCO, Calif., February 28, 2019 – The Cloud Native Computing Foundation® (CNCF®), which sustains open source technologies like Kubernetes® and Prometheus™, today announced that containerd is the fifth project to graduate, following Kubernetes, Prometheus, Envoy, and CoreDNS. To move from the maturity level of incubation to graduation, projects must demonstrate thriving adoption, diversity, a formal governance process, and a strong commitment to community sustainability and inclusivity.

“After being accepted into CNCF nearly two years ago, containerd continues to see significant momentum – showcasing the demand for foundational container technologies,” said Chris Aniszczyk, CTO of the Cloud Native Computing Foundation. “A lot of work and collaboration from the community went into the development and testing of a stable, core container runtime, the community worked hard to broaden its maintainer and adoption base, on top of going through a external security audit so I’m thrilled to see the project graduate.”

Born at Docker in 2014, containerd started out as a lower-layer runtime manager for the Docker engine. Following it’s acceptance into CNCF in March 2017, containerd has become an industry-standard container runtime focused on simplicity, robustness and portability with its widest usage and adoption as the layer between the Docker engine and the OCI runc executor.

“When Docker contributed containerd to the community, our goal was to share a robust and extensible runtime that millions of users and tens of thousands of organizations have already standardized on as part of Docker Engine,” said Michael Crosby, containerd maintainer and Docker engineer. “It is rewarding to see increased adoption and further innovation with containerd over the past year as we expanded the scope to address the needs of modern container platforms like Docker platform and the Kubernetes ecosystem. As adoption of containerd continues to grow, we look forward to continued collaboration across the ecosystem to continue  to push our industry forward.”

“The IBM Cloud Kubernetes Service (IKS) is focused on providing an awesome managed Kubernetes experience for our customers. To achieve this, we are always looking at streamlining our architecture and operational posture in IKS,” said Dan Berg, Distinguished Engineer, IBM Cloud Kubernetes Service. “Moving to containerd has helped to simplify the Kubernetes architecture that we configure and manage on behalf of customers. By adopting containerd as our container engine, we have reduced an additional layer in the architecture which has both improved operations and increased service performance for our customers.”

containerd has had a variety of maintainers and reviewers since its inception, with 14 committers, 4,406 commits and 166 contributors currently from companies including Alibaba,  Cruise Automation, Docker, Facebook, Google, Huawei, IBM, Microsoft, NTT, Tesla, and many more. containerd project statistics, contributor stats, and more can be found on DevStats.

“Since its inception, Alibaba has been using containerd and we are thrilled to see the project hit this milestone. containerd is playing a critical role as an open, reliable and common foundation of container runtimes. At Alibaba Cloud, we take advantage of simplicity, robustness and extensibility of containerd in Alibaba Cloud Kubernetes Service and Serverless Kubernetes.” said Li Yi, Senior Staff Engineer, Alibaba Cloud. “Alibaba team will continue our commitment to the community to drive innovation forward.”

To officially graduate from incubating status, the project also adopted the CNCF Code of Conduct, executed an independent security audit and defined its own governance structure to grow the community. Additionally, containerd also had to earn (and maintain) a Core Infrastructure Initiative Best Practices Badge. Completed on September 1, 2018, the CII badge shows an ongoing commitment to code quality and security best practices.

containerd Background

  • containerd is an industry-standard container runtime with an emphasis on simplicity, robustness and portability. containerd is available as a daemon for Linux and Windows.
  • containerd manages the complete container lifecycle of its host system, from image transfer and storage to container execution and supervision to low-level storage to network attachments and beyond.
  • For downloads, documentation, and how to get involved, visit https://github.com/containerd/containerd.

Additional Resources

About Cloud Native Computing Foundation

Cloud native computing uses an open source software stack to deploy applications as microservices, packaging each part into its own container, and dynamically orchestrating those containers to optimize resource utilization. The Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) hosts critical components of cloud native software stacks, including Kubernetes and Prometheus. CNCF serves as the neutral home for collaboration and brings together the industry’s top developers, end users and vendors – including the world’s largest public cloud and enterprise software companies as well as dozens of innovative startups. CNCF is part of The Linux Foundation, a nonprofit organization. For more information about CNCF, please visit www.cncf.io.

The Linux Foundation has registered trademarks and uses trademarks. For a list of trademarks of The Linux Foundation, please see our trademark usage page: https://www.linuxfoundation.org/trademark-usage. Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.

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Media Contact

Natasha Woods

The Linux Foundation

nwoods@linuxfoundation.org

The spirit of openness and collaboration in the Kubernetes community opened the door to work with people from other organizations to build the solution together, says Michelle Noorali.

One of the biggest benefits of open source is the ability to collaborate and partner with others on projects. Another is being able to package and share resources, something Michelle Noorali has done using Kubernetes. In a presentation called “Open Source Opening Doors,” Noorali, a senior software engineer at Microsoft, told an audience at the recent LC3 conference in China about her work on the Azure containers team building open source tools for Kubernetes and containers.

Her team needed a way to reliably scale several containerized applications and found Kubernetes to be a good solution and the open source community to be very welcoming, she said.

“In the process of deploying a lot of microservices to Kubernetes we found that we wanted some additional tooling to make it easier to share and configure applications to run in our cluster,’’ she explained. “You can deploy and scale your containerized apps by giving Kubernetes some declaration of what you want it to do in the form of a Kubernetes manifest.” However, in reality, she added, to deploy one app to a cluster you may have to write several Kubernetes manifests that utilize many resources hundreds of lines long.

Helm

Once an engineer has come up with a set of Kubernetes manifests that work for them, they may want to package them up and share them with their team. To do that at Microsoft, she said, they started a project in 2015 called Helm, a package manager system that lets someone define their Kubernetes manifest in a format they call Charts. Inside a Chart is a set of files that can be used to template a manifest, Noorali said. Chart makes it easy to share the manifest.

Noorali had a colleague come on stage and do a brief Helm installation demonstration. Once a user completes the installation, they can give it a name, hit enter and “it will spit out deployment and services that have been created, which makes it so easy to deploy apps on Kubernetes,’’ she said.

It was “the spirit of openness and collaboration in the Kubernetes community [that] really opened the door for us to work with people from other organizations to build the solution together,” she noted. “This is no longer a zero-sum game and we on Helm lived that by collaborating with others in the community who would normally be competitors.”

Growing Pains

Helm today has over 345 contributors to the project and over 4,500 people in its Slack channel, according to Noorali.

But with growth comes growing pains, she observed. As they were scaling the code base and their team, they were also addressing people in the open source community who were building tooling on Helm and having conversations about its future. “What proved to also be challenging was meeting the non-technical needs of the community,” including people who were asking for mailing lists and taking the time to go into Slack channels to address questions, she said.

Her team also spent time “doing a lot around hardening roles and responsibilities and decision-making processes” as Helm became its own ecosystem and community.

The team turned to the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) for support and then applied to become a “CNCF top-level incubating project,’’ and was ultimately accepted. Noorali called the transition “a really natural and smooth process.”

Looking ahead, she said they want Helm to continue becoming a bigger project, while at the same time, keeping both it and Kubernetes vendor neutral. This is important, she emphasized, “because we didn’t want any large company to come in and make decisions and steer the project in different direction,” and also because “this lowers the barrier for people who want to contribute to our project.”

Noorali also spent time discussing how to avoid repeating steps when developing containerized apps. She suggested people build an application container by writing a Docker file and using a Docker builder. “You’ll want to push an image to a container registry and create and install Helms charts in clusters.” A lot of tools are needed to deploy the app in Kubernetes and it’s important to understand the different layers of abstraction, she said.

Draft

The Draft tool is for people “who really just care about building their application and developing and debugging it against Kubernetes rather than working on and understanding Kubernetes itself,’’ she noted. “We live in a world where we can’t run all our microservices on our laptop to replicate a production-like environment.”

Draft and Kubernetes are helpful for iterating a local application with a remote service, Noorali said. “Draft allows you to do things like remote container debugging, testing out a local service with remote services [and] packaging all your container-related organizational patterns and conventions in what we call a ‘Draft pack.’”

This is an example of an early stage project and it is where a lot of people today are in the cloud native space, she said. “You may have a tool in your company that you’d like to open source because you see some benefits in that. You may want other people to use an open source project too, but they don’t always have insight into what makes a successful open source project.” This is where the CNCF can be very helpful, she said.

Watch the complete presentation below:

Open Source Summit is the place to keep up with the leading edge of Linux, says Linux kernel developer James Bottomley.

It’s no secret that Linux is basically the operating system of containers, and containers are the future of the cloud, says James Bottomley, Distinguished Engineer at IBM Research and Linux kernel developer. Bottomley, who can often be seen at open source events in his signature bow tie, is focused these days on security systems like the Trusted Platform Module and the fundamentals of container technology.

James Bottomley

With Open Source Summit happening this month in conjunction with Linux Security Summit — and Open Source Summit Europe coming up fast — we talked with Bottomley about these and other topics.

The Linux Foundation: How are you involved with Open Source Summit?

James Bottomley: I’m on the program committee, so I’m part of the body responsible for judging the technical content.  Our mission is to try to give a balance to the presentations given at the summit to make sure there’s enough of interest on the technical front to attract the hard core engineering community, while still being a welcoming place for people who have other skills and abilities, thus ensuring a diversity of attendees that encourages interesting conversations and outcomes.

The Linux Foundation: What’s the relevance of Linux in the age of cloud and containers?

Bottomley: The cloud nowadays is moving to be all about containers, and containers absolutely wouldn’t exist without Linux.  If you regard containers as being simply operating system virtualization, then there are many contenders for their place in containers history, like BSD jails and mainframe LPARs.  However, if you view containers through the narrow prism of Docker images, then an absolute requirement is the hardness and backwards compatibility of the Linux Syscall interface: the fact that an Ubuntu Xenial image will still run on top of a RHEL kernel.  This facility is because of Linus’s laser-like focus on maintaining the userspace ABI, which is pretty unique in OS history.

The Linux Foundation: You recently wrote a paper around VMs and container security. Will there by any discussion around that at the event?

Bottomley: Not in the formal presentations, although there probably will be in the hallway.  You have to remember that presentations at the conference are based on proposals that had to be submitted at least six months ago, whereas what I’ve been discussing is based on preliminary research that was only recently completed and published.  This is a general problem for all conferences now that the open source methodology means research goes from ideas to discussions around code in a matter of weeks.

The Linux Foundation: We are living in an age where so much innovation is happening in the tech world, especially in the open source space. What hot technologies are you excited about?

Bottomley: I’m mostly interested in some of the fundamentals of containers and security, including methods for securing the substrate, runtime mechanisms for ensuring immutability, like IMA and also what the next type of container will look like (or more accurately, how do we dump all the unnecessary IaaS components from current container images to realise the true potential of pure application containers).

The Linux Foundation: Who should attend Open Source Summit and why?

Bottomley: I think it’s no secret that Linux is basically the OS of containers and containers are the future of the cloud, so anyone who is interested in keeping up to date with what’s going on in the cloud because this would be the only place they can keep up with the leading edge of Linux.

Bottomley will be speaking at Open Source Summit Europe, as part of the Linux Systems track.  Check out the other scheduled sessions and  sign up to receive updates:

Kubernetes

In his keynote address at KubeCon, Craig McLuckie said the success of Kubernetes has been driven by the community, excited end users, and organizations that have built out the Kubernetes ecosystem.

Kubernetes is one of the highest velocity open source projects around, attracting more than 80,000 commits from nearly 3,000 developers at more than 1,180 companies over the past three years. From the start, the project has managed its success by gauging whether its users are excited about the technology and using it, which they are. Likewise, Craig McLuckie, CEO of Heptio and co-founder of Kubernetes remains excited about the technology.

That excitement was showcased at McLuckie’s KubeCon keynote address, titled The Road Ahead on the Kubernetes Journey (see video below).

McLuckie has been steering Kubernetes toward success since its origin at Google. He has seen it emerge as a standard operating environment for distributed systems development over the past few years, and watched as it has become embraced by almost every significant vendor in the ecosystem. Kubernetes is helping solve tough problems in deploying and running applications and is supporting development of new approaches to building and running applications.

In his KubeCon address, McLuckie discussed the emergence of expert operations and how Kubernetes is driving change at organizations that build and manage distributed systems. He also discussed the increasing importance of cloud native technologies.

3 Driving Factors

McLuckie said Kubernetes’ success has been driven by three things: community, excited end users, and organizations that have built out the Kubernetes ecosystem. He is also focused on efficient development around the project. “Developer productivity really matters,” he said. “Anything we can do to drive even a five percent increase in developer productivity is worth it. Developers are moving from building static code to living services. Organizations should focus on the delivery of living services.”

Organizations everywhere are implementing container technologies, and many of them are turning to Kubernetes as a solution for orchestrating containers. Kubernetes is attractive for its extensible architecture and healthy open source community, but some still feel that it is too difficult to use. For some time now, new tools have been emerging that help streamline Kubernetes and make building container-based applications easier.

Kubernetes as a Service

McLuckie also foresees new security and governance policies taking shape at organizations as they strategize around technologies like Kubernetes. Additionally, he sees them embracing the multi-cloud trend. “I want to recognize the cloud providers out there that have introduced Kubernetes-as-a-service offerings,” he said. “These are providing high levels of assurance that Kubernetes is provisioned and is running exactly as it should. The available clusters feature consistency, and have the same behavior. If you see the certification logo, you can have confidence in this consistency.”

“These services make hybrid cloud deployments more viable,” he added. “And, people are building applications that can, say, run in two clouds. People should have the flexibility to do so, and to be able to pick which clouds they want to deploy their new services into.”

McLuckie has been working directly with cloud providers such as the Azure team at Microsoft to ensure that services around tools like Kubernetes are running correctly and are optimized. He sees such optimization of services growing along with the trend toward deploying applications in multiple cloud scenarios. Players like Microsoft have also built dedicated tools to streamline use of Kubernetes. For example, Microsoft has open sourced Draft, a tool that streamlines application development and deployment into any Kubernetes cluster.

Above all, McLuckie emphasized that Kubernetes will be driven forward by the community, and not by any individual. “If we hold together, there is so much more that we can do,” he said. “We haven’t felt the full potential of Kubernetes, not just around the issues that surround the deployment of software, but as a way to build new classes of distributed systems where Kubernetes is the core development environment.”

Hear more in McLuckie’s keynote address below:

Learn more about Kubernetes at KubeCon + CloudNativeCon Europe, coming up May 2-4 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Riyaz Faizullabhoy, Docker Security Engineer, today announced on stage at Open Source Summit Europe, that the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF) Technical Oversight Committee (TOC) has voted Notary in as our 13th hosted project and TUF in as our 14th hosted project.

“With every project presented to the CNCF, the TOC evaluates what that project provides to the cloud native ecosystem,” said Chris Aniszczyk, COO of Cloud Native Computing Foundation. “Notary and the TUF specification address a key challenge for enterprises working with containers by providing a solution for trusted, cross-platform delivery of content. We are excited to have these projects come in as one collective contribution to CNCF and look forward to cultivating their communities.”

Notary Based on The Update Framework (TUF) specification

Docker Platform including Enterprise Edition and Community Edition, Moby Project, Huawei, Motorola Solutions, VMWare, LinuxKit, Quay, and Kubernetes have all integrated Notary/TUF.

Originally created by Docker in June 2015, Notary is based on The Update Framework (TUF) specification, a secure general design for the problem of software distribution and updates. TUF helps developers to secure new or existing software update systems, which are often found to be vulnerable to many known attacks. TUF addresses this widespread problem by providing a comprehensive, flexible security framework that developers can integrate with any software update system.

Notary is one of the industry’s most mature implementations of the TUF specification and its Go implementation is used today to provide robust security for container image updates, even in the face of a registry compromise. Notary takes care of the operations necessary to create, manage, and distribute the metadata needed to ensure the integrity and freshness of user content. Notary/TUF provides both a client, and a pair of server applications to host signed metadata and perform limited online signing functions.

Image 1: Diagram illustrates the interactions between the Notary client, server, and signer

It is also beginning to gain traction outside the container ecosystem as platforms like Kolide use Notary to secure distribution of osquery through their auto-updater.

“In a developer’s workflow, security can often be an afterthought; however, every piece of deployed code from the OS to the application should be signed. Notary establishes strong trust guarantees to prevent malicious content from being injected into the workflow processes,” said David Lawrence, Senior Software Engineer at Docker. “Notary is a widely used implementation in the container space. By joining CNCF, we hope Notary will be more widely adopted and different use cases will emerge.”

Notary joins the following CNCF projects Kubernetes, Prometheus, OpenTracing, Fluentd, linkerd, gRPC, CoreDNS, containerd, rkt, CNI, Envoy, and Jaeger.

Use Case Examples of Notary:

  • Docker uses Notary to implement Docker Content Trust and all of the docker trust subcommands.
  • Quay is using Notary as a library, wrapping it and extending it to suit their needs. For Quay, Notary is flexible rather than single-purpose.
  • CloudFlare’s PAL tool uses Notary for container identity, allowing one to associate metadata such as secrets to running containers in a verifiable manner.
  • LinuxKit is using Notary to distribute its kernels and system packages.

Notable Notary Milestones:

  • 865 GitHub stars, 156 forks
  • 45 contributors
  • 8 maintainers from 3 companies; Docker, CoreOS, Huawei
  • 2600+ commits, 34 releases

TUF

TUF (The Update Framework) is an open source specification that was written in 2009 by Professor Justin Cappos and developed further by members of the Professor Cappos’s Secure Systems Lab at NYU’s Tandon School of Engineering.

TUF is designed to work as part of a larger software distribution framework and provides resilience to key or server compromises. Using a variety of cryptographic keys for content signing and verification, TUF allows security to remain as strong as is practical against a variety of different classes of attacks.

TUF is used in production by Docker, LEAP, App Container, Flynn, OTAInfo, ATS Solutions, and VMware.

“In addition to focusing on security, one of our primary goals has been to operate securely within the workflow that groups already use on their repositories,” said Professor Cappos. “We have learned a tremendous amount by working with Docker, CoreOS, OCaml, Python, Rust, and automotive vendors to tune TUF to work better in their environments.”

TUF has a variety of use cases beyond containers. For example, several different companies in the automotive industry have integrated a TUF-variant called Uptane, with more integrations underway. As a result, Uptane was recently named one of Popular Science’s Top 100 Technologies of the Year. There is also a lot of momentum toward adoption by different programming language software repositories, including standardization by Python (PEP 458 and 480). TUF has also been security audited by multiple groups.

Notable TUF Milestones:

  • Open source since 2010
  • 517 GitHub stars, 74 forks
  • 27+ contributors from CoreOS, Docker, OCaml, Python, Rust (ATS Solutions) and Tor
  • 2700+ commits

As CNCF hosted projects, Notary and TUF will be part of a neutral community aligned with technical interests. The CNCF will also assist Notary and TUF with marketing and documentation efforts as well as help grow their communities.

“The inclusion of Notary and TUF into the CNCF is an important milestone as it is the first project to address concerns regarding the trusted delivery of content for containerized applications,” said Solomon Hykes, Founder and CTO at Docker and CNCF TOC project sponsor. “Notary is already at the heart of several security initiatives throughout the container ecosystem and with this donation, it will be even more accessible as a building block for broader community collaboration.”

For more on Notary, check out the release blog for Notary and Docker Content Trust, as well as Docker’s Notary doc pages and read Getting Started with Notary and Understand the Notary service architecture. For more on TUF, check out The Updated Framework page and watch Professor Cappos in this video and this conference presentation video.

Stay up to date on all CNCF happenings by signing up for our monthly newsletter.

 

Open Source Summit livestream

The Linux Foundation is pleased to offer free live video streaming of all keynote sessions at Open Source Summit and Embedded Linux Conference Europe, Oct. 23 to Oct. 25, 2017.

Join 2000 technologists and community members next week as they convene at Open Source Summit Europe and Embedded Linux Conference Europe in Prague. If you can’t be there in person, you can still take part, as The Linux Foundation is pleased to offer free live video streaming of all keynote sessions on Monday, Oct. 23 through Wednesday, Oct. 25, 2017.  So, you can watch the event keynotes presented by Google, Intel, and VMware, among others.

The livestream will begin on Monday, Oct. 23 at 9 a.m. CEST (Central European Summer Time). Sign up now! You can also follow our live event updates on Twitter with #OSSummit.

All keynotes will be broadcasted live, including talks by Keila Banks, 15-year-old Programmer, Web Designer, and Technologist with her father Philip Banks; Mitchell Hashimoto, Founder, HashiCorp Founder of HashiCorp and Creator of Vagrant, Packer, Serf, Consul, Terraform, Vault and Nomad; Jan Kizska, Senior Key Expert, Siemens AG; Dirk Hohndel, VP & Chief Open Source Officer, VMware in a Conversation with Linux and Git Creator Linus Torvalds; Michael Dolan, Vice President of Strategic Programs & The Linux Foundation; and Jono Bacon, Community/Developer Strategy Consultant and Author.

Other featured conference keynotes include:

  • Neha Narkhede — Co-Founder & CTO of Confluent will discuss Apache Kafka and the Rise of the Streaming Platform
  • Reuben Paul — 11-year-old Hacker, CyberShaolin Founder and cybersecurity ambassador will talk about how Hacking is Child’s Play
  • Arpit Joshipura — General Manager, Networking, The Linux Foundation who will discuss Open Source Networking and a Vision of Fully Automated Networks
  • Imad Sousou — Vice President and General Manager, Software & Services Group, Intel
  • Sarah Novotny — Head of Open Source Strategy for GCP, Google
  • And more

View the full schedule of keynotes.

And sign up now for the free live video stream.

Once you sign up to watch the event keynotes, you’ll be able to view the livestream on the same page. If you sign up prior to the livestream day/time, simply return to this page and you’ll be able to view.

Open Source Summit EU

Going to Open Source Summit? Check out some featured conference presentations and activities below.

Going to Open Source Summit EU in Prague? While you’re there, be sure stop by The Linux Foundation training booth for fun giveaways and a chance to win one of three Raspberry Pi kits.

Giveaways include The Linux Foundation branded webcam covers, The Linux Foundation projects’ stickers, Tux stickers, Linux.com stickers, as well as free ebooks: The SysAdmin’s Essential Guide to Linux Workstation Security, Practical GPL Compliance, and A Guide to Understanding OPNFV & NFV.

You can also enter the raffle for a chance to win a Raspberry Pi Kit. There will be 3 raffle winners: names will be drawn and prizes will be mailed on Nov. 2.

And, be sure to check out some featured conference presentations below, including how to deploy Kubernetes native applications, deploying and scaling microservices, opportunities for inclusion and collaboration, and how to build your open source career.

Session Highlights

  • Love What You Do, Everyday! – Zaheda Bhorat, Amazon Web Services
  • Detecting Performance Regressions In The Linux Kernel – Jan Kara, SUSE
  • Highway to Helm: Deploying Kubernetes Native Applications – Michelle Noorali, Microsoft
  • Deploying and Scaling Microservices with Docker and Kubernetes – Jérôme Petazzoni, Docker
  • printk() – The Most Useful Tool is Now Showing its Age – Steven Rostedt, VMWare
  • Every Day Opportunities for Inclusion and Collaboration – Nithya Ruff, Comcast

Activities

  • Technical Showcase
  • Real-Time Summit
  • Free Day with Prague tour from local students
  • KVM Forum
  • FOSSology – Hands On Training
  • Tracing Summit

The Cloud Native Computing Foundation will also a have booth at OSSEU. Get your pass to Open Source Summit Europe and stop by to learn more! Use discount OSSEULFM20 code for 20% off your all-access attendee pass.

Check out the full list of co-located events on the website and register now.

This week was a busy one for open source enterprise wins! Read the latest installment of our weekly digest to stay on the cutting edge of OSS business beats.

1) The Linux Foundation’s Dronecode project receives accolades for the creator of its PX4 project; Lorenz Meier has been recognized by MIT Technology Review in its annual list of Innovators Under 35.

Dronecode’s Meier Named to MIT Technology Review’s Prestigious List– Unmanned Aerial Online

2) “New round places company’s raised cash at more than $250m as the container application market value soars to $2.7bn.”

From Startup To An Open Source Giant. Docker Valuation Hits $1.3B Amid Fresh Funding Round– Data Economy

3) “One of the keys to Ubuntu’s success has been heavy optimization of the standard Linux kernel for cloud computing environments.”

Cloud-Optimized Linux: Inside Ubuntu’s Edge in AWS Cloud Computing– Silicon Angle

4) Microsoft announced purchase of a startup called Cycle Computing for an “undisclosed sum”. While it doesn’t have the name recognition of some of its peers, the startup has played a pivotal role in cloud computing today.

Microsoft Just Made a Brilliant Acquisition in Cloud Wars Against Amazon, Google– Business Insider

5) Open source content management system was initially released without frills or fanfare. After 2,600 commits, the 1.0 version is ready to tackle the blogging giants.

Ghost, the Open Source Blogging System, is Ready For Prime Time– TechCrunch

This week in Linux and open source headlines, ONAP leads the way in the automation trend, Mozilla launches new, open source speech recognition project, and more! Get up to speed with the handy Linux.com weekly digest!

1) With automation being one of the top virtualization trends of 2017, The Linux Foundation’s ONAP is credited with moving the industry forward

Top Five Virtualization Trends of 2017– RCRWireless

2) Mozilla has launched a new open source project speech recognition system that relies on online volunteers to submit voice samples and validate them.

Common Voice: Mozilla Is Creating An Open Source Speech Recognition System– Fossbytes

3)In addition to membership growth, EdgeX Foundry has launched a series of technical training sessions to help developers get up to speed on the project.

Linux’s EdgeX IoT Group Adds Members, Forms Governing Team– SDxCentral

4) Multicore Association announces availability of an enhanced implementation of its Multicore Task Management API (MTAPI.)

Open Source Tools Set to Help Parallel Programming of Multicores– ElectronicsWeekly.com

5) “OCI 1.0 will ensure consistency at the lowest levels of infrastructure, and push the container wars battlefront up the stack.”

OCI 1.0 Container Image Spec Finds Common Ground Among Open Source Foes– TechTarget

This week in Linux and open source, the ‘Big 4″ accounting firms are becoming power players in blockchain, Oracle expands open source container efforts, and more in this weekly digest!

1) The four largest accounting firms in the world are active members of the blockchain revolution– Including Deloitte, which joined the Hyperledger Project.

‘Big 4’ Accounting Firms Are Experimenting With Blockchain And Bitcoin– Nasdaq

2) Oracle to expand container efforts with three new open-source utilities to help improve container security.

Oracle Debuts Three New Open-Source Container Tools– eWeek

3) Hyperledger’s Indy “is all about giving identity owners independent control of their personal data and relationships.” Explains Doc Searls in his op-ed about the availability of Linux for all users.

Linux for Everyone–All 7.5 Billion of Us– LinuxJournal

4) Regarding commits is “probably, it’s the second biggest kernel release.”

Linux Kernel 4.12 Released — These Are The 5 Biggest Features– Fossbytes

5) WatchGuard CTO Corey Nachreiner explains that Linux attacks and malware are on the rise.

IoT Fuels Growth of Linux Malware– IoTInside