This week in Linux and OSS news, Edward Snowden explains why he thinks proprietary software is very risky, Project joins The Linux Foundation, & more! Read on to stay in the open source know!

1) The infamous United States NSA hacker, Edward Snowden, was interviewed via remote video at OpenStack Summit Boston. He spoke on his personal use of technology and why that doesn’t include proprietary software.

Why Edward Snowden Loves Open Source– NetworkWorld

2) A new Linux Foundation project provides network routing topologies for software-defined applications. Joins The Linux Foundation’s Open-Source Project– FierceTelecom

3) Google’s “mysterious” third OS is based on a Google-developed microkernel called “Magenta”– not Linux.

Google’s “Fuchsia” Smartphone OS Dumps Linux, Has a Wild New UI– Ars Technica

4) A new software project under Hyperledger is “aimed at creating a collaboration tool for building blockchain business networks — or smart contracts — and their deployment across a distributed ledger.”

Linux Foundation to Develop Tool for Building Blockchain Business Networks– ComputerWorld

5) Speakers at NFV World Congress explain that open source is crucial to their NFV plans.

Telcos Digging In on Open Source NFV– Light Reading

The Linux Foundation has announced keynote speakers and session highlights for Open Networking Summit, to be held April 3-6, 2017 in Santa Clara, CA.

ONS promises to be the largest, most comprehensive and most innovative networking and orchestration event of the year. The event brings enterprises, carriers, and cloud service providers together with the networking ecosystem to share learnings, highlight innovation and discuss the future of open source networking.

Speakers and attendees at Open Networking Summit represent the best and brightest in next-generation open source networking and orchestration technologies.

ONS keynote speakers

Martin Casado, a general partner at the venture capital firm Andreessen Horowitz and co-founder of Nicira (acquired by VMware in 2012) will give a keynote on the future of networking. (See our Q&A with Casado for a sneak preview.)

Other keynote speakers include:

  • John Donovan, Chief Strategy Officer and Group President – AT&T Technology and Operations with Andre Fuetsch, President AT&T Labs and Chief Technology Officer at AT&T

  • Justin Dustzadeh, VP, Head of Global Infrastructure Network Services, Visa

  • Dr. Hossein Eslambolchi, Technical Advisor to Facebook, Chairman & CEO, 2020 Venture Partners

  • Albert Greenberg, Corporate Vice President Azure Networking, Microsoft

  • Rashesh Jethi, SVP Engineering at Amadeus IT Group SA, the world’s leading online travel platform

  • Sandra Rivera, Vice President Datacenter Group, General Manager, Network Platforms Group, Intel Corporation

  • Amin Vahdat, Google Fellow and Technical Lead for Networking, Google

ONS session speakers

Summit sessions will cover the full scope of open networking across enterprise, cloud and service providers. Topics that will be explored at the event include container networking, software-defined data centers, cloud-native application development, security, network automation, microservices architecture, orchestration, SDN, NFV and so much more. Look forward to over 75 tutorials, workshops, and sessions led by networking innovators.

Session highlights include:

  • Accelerated SDN in Azure, Daniel Firestone, Microsoft

  • Troubleshooting for Intent-based Networking, Joon-Myung Kang, Hewlett Packard Labs

  • Beyond Micro-Services Architecture, Larry Peterson, Open Networking Lab

  • Combining AI and IoT. New Industrial Revolution in our houses and in the Universe, Karina Popova, LINK Mobility

  • Rethinking NFV: Where have we gone wrong, and how can we get it right?, Scott Shenker, UC Berkeley

View the full schedule with many more sessions across six tracks. readers can register now with the discount code, LINUXRD5, for 5% off the registration price. Register to attend by February 19 and save more than $800 over late registration pricing.

An elite group of networking industry executives, investors and entrepreneurs will meet behind closed doors for a think tank discussion at Open Networking Summit (ONS) this year.

The intimate, invitation-only Open Networking Innovation Forum will facilitate a frank and open dialogue centered around the opportunities and challenges facing open networking acceleration and open source business models.                     

The purpose of this invitation-only forum is                                             

  • Open Collaboration among open networking’s visionaries, thought leaders, early adopters, business leaders, entrepreneurs, and innovators together in an intimate setting for a high-quality dialogue.    

  • Stimulating Discussion about the state of open networking, opportunities and challenges, how to accelerate adoption of open networking by various Enterprise IT Teams in a Software Defined World with emerging cloud business models.

  • Informal Networking with leaders representing the entire Enterprise, Cloud & Carrier ecosystem: CIO/CTO/VP IT/Architects, Users from multiple verticals, silicon, box, and software vendors, open source platforms providers, system integrators, venture capitalists, and others.                                      

ONS, to be held April 3-6 at the Santa Clara Convention Center, promises to be the largest, most comprehensive and most innovative networking and orchestration event of the year. The private innovation forum will take place the second day of ONS to gather executive leaders from a cross-section of the industry, including enterprise, carriers and cloud providers, startups and VCs, and others in the networking ecosystem.

In this informational Q&A, Arpit Joshipura, general manager of networking and orchestration at The Linux Foundation, discusses why he organized a think tank event for networking industry executives and what they’ll likely discuss. Why are you holding a leadership event for open networking executives at ONS?

Arpit Joshipura: ONS is a the largest networking event in Silicon Valley and attracts both developers and business executives. Executive leaders and creators of innovation need a neutral platform for discussion with other like-minded thought leaders. Linux Foundation serves as a catalyst to bring the top influencers together. Who is invited?

Joshipura: Networking and Orchestration is a very innovative industry and touches many verticals and markets. We are working with key leaders to represent the entire ecosystem – all layers of the stack, from creators to end users across multiple industries. In addition, Silicon Valley is the innovation capital of the world and we will bring Venture Capitalists/Visionaries like Martin Casado from Andreessen Horowitz, and startup executives. A list of some of the confirmed attendees is available on our ONS Website (here) What is the format?

Joshipura: We’ll hold roundtables, chats, and panels. The format is workshop-style brainstorming. What will you discuss?

Joshipura: High-level topics for discussion include Architecture Harmonization, Business Models, Open Source Adoption catalysts and blockers, Innovative use cases, vendor research, and more. As the world of Software Defined Enterprise, Service Provider Network Automation and Cloud Technologies come together, there is a huge opportunity for collaboration on topics like 5G/Private Clouds/SDN/NFV that would have a huge impact on adjacent markets like Internet of Things (IoT), Artificial Intelligence (AI), Virtual Reality (VR) and Business Intelligence. How will the outcome of the discussion be used?

Joshipura: This elite group will be collectively driving the vision and direction of the entire networking and orchestration industry for the next five years to come. Will there be anything published about it afterward? Why is it closed to the press?

Joshipura: No. It is closed to press to allow for open discussions specifically as several enterprise verticals like FinTech, healthcare, travel and hospitality, retail and of course communications will be sharing use cases, best practices, and lessons learned. readers receive 5% off the “attendee” registration to Open Networking Summit with code LINUXRD5. Save over $850 through February 19. Register now>>

Open source development is accelerating networking technology in areas including software-defined networking, open standards, and orchestration. Projects such as OPNFV, OpenDaylight, and recently open sourced ECOMP with many others hosted by The Linux Foundation, are helping drive open source networking innovation.

To help you learn more and give you a sneak peek of Open Networking Summit in April, Arpit Joshipura, General Manager, Networking & Orchestration at The Linux Foundation, will hold a free webinar next week exploring the following topics:

  • How has networking evolved and where is it heading?

  • A sneak peek at the future architecture of enterprises and service providers

  • Why automation at the network and orchestration layers have simplified adjacent markets and industries

“We are entering phase three of open source software-defined networking which is about production-ready solutions deployed at scale,” said Joshipura. “In this webinar, you’ll learn how various open source components come together to create an end-to-end solution.”

This webinar will discuss open source innovations and technologies that enable end-to-end solutions for enterprises, carriers, and cloud. It will also describe open standards and open architectures in adjacent markets such as containers, cloud native, and IoT.

Join SDxCentral and The Linux Foundation for “Open Source Networking & Orchestration: From POC to Production” on Thursday, February 9, 2017 at 10:00am Pacific. Register now >>

This week in open source news, a study from Black Duck suggests the potential for open source malware is set to skyrocket in 2017, longtime undetected Mac malware exposed, and more! Read our digest for the recent stories you need to hear:

1) The Linux Foundation and Amdocs are partnering up to accelerate adoption of the open source Enhanced Control, Orchestration, Management and Policy (ECOMP) platform from AT&T.

Amdocs, Linux Foundation to Accelerate Service Provider, Developer Adoption of Open Source ECOMP– FierceTelecom

2) Black Duck Software is predicting an increase in open source threats this year.

Report: Attacks Based on Open Source Vulnerabilities Will Rise 20 Percent This Year– CSO

3) “Microsoft is adding support for yet another Linux distribution on Azure.”

Clear Linux OS Now Available On Azure– ZDNet

4) “Apple issues MacOS update that automatically protects infected machines.”

Newly Discovered Mac Malware Found in the Wild Also Works Well On Linux -Ars Technica

5) “Starting today we are accepting applications from open source projects who would like to serve as mentor organizations for enthusiastic student developers,” says Google.

Open Source Organizations Can Now Apply For Google Summer of Code 2017– betanews

With 2016 behind us, we can reflect on a landmark year where open source migrated up the stack. As a result a new breed of open service orchestration projects were announced, including ECOMP, OSM, OpenBaton, and The Linux Foundation  project OPEN-O, among them. While the scope varies between orchestrating Virtualized Network Functions (VNFs) in a Cloud Data Center, and more comprehensive end-to-end service delivery platforms, the new open service orchestration initiatives enable carriers and cable operators to automate end-to-end service delivery, ultimately minimizing the software development required for new services.

Open orchestration was propelled into the limelight as major operators have gained considerable experience over the past years with open source platforms, such as OpenStack and OpenDaylight. Many operators have announced ambitious network virtualization strategies, that are moving from proofs of concept (PoCs) into the field, including AT&T (Domain 2.0), Deutsche Telekom (TeraStream), Vodafone (Ocean), Telefonica (Unica), NTT Communications (O3), China Mobile (NovoNet), China Telecom (CTNet2025), among them.

Traditional Standards Development Organizations (SDOs) and open source projects have paved the way for the emergence of open orchestration. For instance, OPNFV (open NFV reference platform) expanded its charter to address NFV Management and Orchestration (MANO). Similarly, MEF is pursuing the Lifecycle Services Orchestration (LSO) initiative to standardize service orchestration, and intends to accelerate deployment with the OpenLSO open reference platform. Other efforts such as the TMForum Zero-touch Orchestration, Operations and Management (ZOOM) project area addressing the operational aspects as well.

Standards efforts are guiding the open source orchestration projects, which set the stage for 2017 to become The Year of Orchestration.

One notable example is the OPEN-O project, which delivered its initial release less than six months from the project formation. OPEN-O enables operators to deliver end-to-end composite services over NFV Infrastructure along with SDN and legacy networks. In addition to addressing the NFV MANO, OPEN-O integrates a model-driven automation framework, service design front-end, and connectivity services orchestration.

OPEN-O is backed by some of the world’s largest and innovative SDN/NFV market leaders, including China Mobile, China Telecom, Ericsson, Huawei, Intel, and VMware among them. The project is also breaking new ground in evolving how open source can be successfully adopted for large scale, carrier-grade platforms.

To learn more about OPEN-O and rapidly evolving open orchestration landscape, please join us for our upcoming Webinar:

Title: Introduction to Open Orchestration and OPEN-O

Date/Time: Tue January 17, 2017  10:00a – 11:00a PST

Presenter: Marc Cohn, Executive Director, OPEN-O

Register today to save your spot in this engaging and interactive webinar. Can’t make it on the 17th? Registering will also ensure you get a copy of the recording via email after the presentation is over.

For additional details on OPEN-O, visit:

Start exploring Essentials of OpenStack Administration by downloading the free sample chapter today. DOWNLOAD NOW

There are a number of open source cloud solutions such as Eucalyptus, OpenQRM, OpenNebula, and of course, OpenStack. These implementations typically share some design concepts, and services, which we’ll cover in this article — part of our ongoing series from The Linux Foundation’s Essentials of OpenStack Administration course. Download the full sample chapter now.

Design Concepts

First, cloud platforms are expected to grow: platform providers must be able to add resources at any time, with little hassle and with no downtime.

Cloud platforms also have a special interest in providing open APIs (Application Program Interfaces): this brings third-party developers, which in turn bring more users. Publicly available and well-documented APIs make this easier by the order of magnitudes.

Open APIs also ensure a basic level of flexibility and transparency, among other things making it easier for companies to decide for or against a specific platform.

RESTful interfaces are accessible via the ubiquitous HTTP protocol, making them readily scalable. It’s also easy to write software that communicates using them. Plus, many cloud platforms and providers use REST, so programmers developing for one will find it relatively easy to do it for another.

Software-Defined Networking

Historically, the networking infrastructure has been a relatively static component of data centers. Even simple things like IP address provisioning are typically manual, error-prone affairs. Modern DCs (data centers) rely on advanced functions like VLANs or trunking, but they still happen on the networking level and require manual switch configuration.

We have established that cloud platforms require end users to configure networking, such as IP address requests, private networks, and gateway access. The cloud requires this to be flexible and open, hence the term software-defined networking, or SDN.

Software-defined networking is an area of OpenStack with a lot of attention and change. The goal of software-defined networking, or SDN, is to completely manage my network from within OpenStack. There are two general approaches to deploying SDN. One is to use the existing switch architecture. The OpenStack software then uses proprietary code to make a request to the switch. The other manner of SDN implementation is to replace the control plane of the switch with open software. This solution would mean that end-to-end the communication would be open and transparent. As well, there would be no vendor lock with a particular switch manufacturer.

A similar concept is network function virtualization (NFV). Where SDN is virtualization of the network and separation of control and data plane, NFV is the virtualization of historic appliances such as routers, firewalls load balancers, and accelerators. These would be functions, then, that exist in a particular virtual machine. Some customers, such as telephone companies, can then deploy these services as virtual machines, removing the need for multiple different proprietary implementations.

Software-Defined Storage

In conventional setups, storage is typically designed around SANs (storage area networks) or SAN-like software constructs. Like conventional networking, these are often difficult and expensive to scale, and, as such, are unsuited to cloud environments.

Storage is a central part of clouds, and (you guessed it!), it must be provided to the user in fully automated fashion. Once again, the best way to achieve this is to introduce an abstraction layer in the software, a layer that needs to be scalable and fully integrated with both the cloud platform itself and the underlying storage hardware.

Flexible storage is another area essential for a cloud provider. Historically the solution was a SAN. A storage-area network uses proprietary hardware and tends to be expensive. Cloud providers are looking towards Ceph which allows for distributed access to commodity hardware across the network. Ceph uses standard network connections and allows for parallel access of thousands of clients. Without a single point of failure, it is becoming the default choice for back end storage.

In part 5 of this series, we’ll delve more into the OpenStack project: its open source community, release cycles, and use cases.

The Essentials of OpenStack Administration course teaches you everything you need to know to create and manage private and public clouds with OpenStack. Download a sample chapter today!

Read the other articles in the series:

Essentials of OpenStack Administration Part 1: Cloud Fundamentals

Essentials of OpenStack Administration Part 2: The Problem With Conventional Data Centers

Essentials of OpenStack Administration Part 3: Existing Cloud Solutions

Essentials of OpenStack Administration Part 5: OpenStack Releases and Use Cases

Help shape the future of open networking! The Linux Foundation is now seeking business and technical leaders to speak at Open Networking Summit 2017.

On April 3-6 in Santa Clara, CA, ONS will gather more than 2,000 executives, developers and network architects to discuss innovations in networking and orchestration. It is the only event that brings together the business and technical leaders across carriers and cloud service providers, vendors, start-ups and investors, and open source and open standards projects in software-defined networking (SDN) and network functions virtualization (NFV).

Submit a talk to speak in one of our five new tracks for 2017 and share your vision and expertise. The deadline for submissions is Jan. 21, 2017.

The theme this year is “Open Networking: Harmonize, Harness and Consume.” Tracks and suggested topics include:

General Interest Track

  • State of Union on Open Source Projects (Technical updates and latest roadmaps)

  • Programmable Open Hardware including Silicon & White Boxes + Open Forwarding Innovations/Interfaces

  • Security in a Software Defined World

Enterprise DevOps/Technical Track

  • Software Defined Data Center Learnings including networking interactions with Software Defined Storage

  • Cloud Networking, End to End Solution Stacks – Hypervisor Based

  • Container Networking

Enterprise Business/Architecture Track

  • ROI on Use Cases

  • Automation – network and beyond Analytics

  • NFV for Enterprise (vPE

Carriers DevOps/Technical Track

  • NFV use Cases – VNFs

  • Scale & Performance of VNFs

  • Next Gen Orchestration OSS/BSS & FCAPS models

Carriers Business/Architecture Track

  • SDN/NFV learnings

  • ROI on Use Cases

  • Architecture Learnings from Cloud

See the full list of potential topics on the ONS website.

Not interested in speaking but want to attend? readers can register now with the discount code, LINUXRD5, for 5% off the attendee registration price. Register by February 19 to save over $850.