Explore Research and Publications
Discover our short- and long-form research and publications on open source topics of interest.
A New Direction for the Mobile Industry
This research report, sponsored by Futurewei and in partnership with numerous open source projects, features interviews from subject matter experts to understand the current state of the mobile industry, the challenges this industry faces, and how these challenges could be addressed by open sourcing the mobile technology stack.
World of Open Source: Europe Spotlight 2023
This report covers a range of open source trends, opportunities, and concerns in Europe and provides data-backed conclusions to help the ecosystem unlock even greater value from open source.
The European Public Sector Open Source Opportunity
While the EU increasingly recognizes the value of open source, the public sector is still behind in embracing open source software, with little contribution to the ecosystem and policymaking that inhibits its potential. This report examines the present-day trends, challenges, and opportunities for OSS adoption in this sector.
The 2023 State of OSPOs and OSS Initiatives
Earlier this year, the TODO Group partnered with Linux Foundation Research to run its sixth annual state of the OSPO survey. Survey data was collected from participants in a wide variety of job roles, companies, industries, and geographies, with the goal of capturing a global view of OSPOs.
Open Source for Sustainability
Linux Foundation Research set out to understand how the open source community has advanced the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), conducting a comprehensive study of the LF’s diverse portfolio of projects.
Open Source Maintainers
The software that powers so much of our technology infrastructure would not be possible without the individuals who maintain them. To understand more about this group of individuals and to capture their experiences, observations, and success stories, the Linux Foundation interviewed some of the community’s most influential maintainers.
The 2023 State of Open Standards
This report synthesizes findings from a survey that asked LF and survey partner communities about their involvement in standards, the value of and growth in standards, and what challenges they have experienced in this practice.
2023 Energy Transformation Readiness Study
The Linux Foundation Energy set out on a mission to transform the energy sector through open source investment and collaboration. This survey-based research furthers this cause by exploring the adoption of open source technology stacks vital to achieving climate targets.
The Open Source Opportunity for Microgrids
Microgrids are small and independent energy generation and storage systems that connect to traditional utility grids. Linux Foundation Research partnered with Futurewei, LF Energy, and Intentional Futures to research the state of open source in the microgrids market.
2023 State of Tech Talent Report
Linux Foundation Research partnered with LF Training and Certification for its annual talent report, this time from the perspective of hiring managers. An insightful tool for organizations, developers, and hiring managers, this report sheds light on the priorities, challenges, and changes that this year brings to the tech workforce.
Recommended Practices for Hosting and Managing Open Source Projects on GitHub
This report is a reflection on the power of GitHub to manage open source projects. It is based on a compilation of best practices to help developers enhance project engagement, understandability, and organization.
The Business Value of the OSPO
Why are Open Source Program Offices (OSPOs) valuable from a business perspective? This qualitative study takes the reader through different value propositions that OSPO champions can use to connect OSPOs to business objectives, as well as the challenges to expect on an OSPO's journey.
Open Source Innovation as a Potential Lever for Economic Recovery
As the third installment in our World of Open Source series, this report takes a global view of open source, investigating its role in economic recovery across sectors and geographies.
Measuring the Economic Value of Open Source
Professor Henry Chesbrough, a pioneer on the subject of open innovation, conducted a survey to measure the economic value of open source, analyzing where and to what extent companies experience benefits of open source adoption. This report explores the perceived economic benefits of open source software.
Why the World Needs an Open Source Digital Wallet Right Now
The Open Wallet Foundation (OWF) was formed to support the development of wallets that are portable, secure, and that anyone can use. This whitepaper traces the origins of digital wallets, the opportunities and obstacles in this area of development, and where the OWF comes in.
Web3 and Sustainability
The promise of digital asset ownership and transfer through Web3 technologies has been countered with concern for its significant energy consumption. To manage this sustainability issue while still encouraging innovation requires collective action on technology, tracking, and policy. This report summarizes three areas of action.
A Road Map to Improve the Effectiveness and Impact of Enterprise Open Source Development
As open source continues to grow at the enterprise level, there is increasing recognition of the challenges inherent to enterprise open source consumption and contribution. This report covers several practices that enterprises can adopt to effectively participate in open source.
Enabling Global Collaboration: How Open Source Leaders Are Confronting the Challenges of Fragmentation
Today’s open source community is made up of millions of projects and contributors that are as diverse as they are numerous. This report takes an in-depth look at the benefits and costs of this fragmentation from the perspective of open source leaders around the world.
Mentorship in Open Source
Mentorship in Open Source examines the intrinsic, economic, and career value of mentorship programs throughout the technology industry and among open source organizations such as the Linux Foundation.
The 2022 State of Open Source in Financial Services
This report identifies the extent to which the financial services industry is increasingly active in open source. Further, the report highlights the obstacles and challenges to overcome in order to improve industry-wide collaboration and concludes with a set of actionable insights for improving the state of open source in financial services.
Data and Storage Trends 2022
In July 2022, the SODA Foundation, in partnership with Linux Foundation Research, launched a worldwide survey to understand evolving data and storage trends. This report uses survey data to guide end users and vendors on important issues, and helps them be better equipped to make decisions.
WebAssembly (Wasm) for Legal Professionals
WebAssembly is a technology currently gaining traction. This report functions as a starting point for a discussion about what open source license compliance for WebAssembly could look like and its potential for implementation in several ways.
Releasing Internal Code into a New Open Source Project: A Guide for Stakeholders
For companies that plan to open source proprietary code as a standalone open source project, this report is a vital resource, offering an overview of the process and identifying the critical elements that ensure the necessary tasks are properly captured and executed.
CTO Summit Report EU 2022: Resiliency in Multi-Cloud
Multi-Cloud resiliency means avoiding or mitigating an adverse event's impact and being ready for unexpected outcomes. In May 2022, the Linux Foundation and the CNCF hosted the first-ever Chief Technology Officer (CTO) Summit about Multi-Cloud resiliency, and how to achieve it. This report captures the significant findings of the Summit ...
World of Open Source: Europe Spotlight 2022
World of Open Source: Europe Spotlight 2022 explores the “state of open source” across Europe and builds a comprehensive picture by examining the current activity levels through consumption and contribution, inhibitors, motivators, and opportunities.
A Deep Dive into Open Source Program Offices: Structure, Roles, Responsibilities, and Challenges
Open source projects and initiatives provide enterprises with proven, successful models to collaborate with other organizations, create new technologies, and support the development of new communities. Organizations across many industries are establishing Open Source Program Offices (OSPOs) and staffing them with highly skilled individuals to ...
The 10th Annual Open Source Jobs Report
According to 93% of the hiring managers surveyed, open source talent is increasingly difficult to find. As a result, companies are now turning towards training their staff in new cloud automation, orchestration, and developer productivity tools to close that gap as much as possible. This year the Linux Foundation once again teamed up with edX to ...
Addressing Cybersecurity Challenges in Open Source Software
To help improve the state of software supply chain security, new research was conducted in partnership with the Open Source Security Foundation (OpenSSF), Snyk, the Eclipse Foundation, CNCF, and CI/CD Foundation as a means to help focus efforts in programming, incentives, and other resourcing to support the creation of more secure software. This ...
A Guide to Enterprise Open Source
Open source software (OSS) has transformed our world and become the backbone of our digital economy and the foundation of our digital world. Organizations are creating open source program offices (OSPOs) to manage their open source activities, from adopting OSS and compliance with applicable licenses to participating in open standards and ...
The Carbon Footprint of NFTs: Not All Blockchains Are Created Equal
Produced in partnership with Palm NFT Studio and the Hyperledger Foundation, this report lays out key climate-related barriers to NFTs and suggests some concrete strategies for embracing and building on the exciting innovations that NFTs enable. Adopting these strategies may unlock new opportunities for global collaborations and partnerships for ...
Artificial Intelligence and Data in Open Source
Artificial intelligence (AI) is no different from any other technology domain where OSS dominates. As with other industries, OSS adoption in the AI field has increased the use of open source in products and services, contributions to existing projects, the creation of projects fostering collaboration, and the development of new technologies. ...
Paving the Way to Battle Climate Change: How Two Utilities Embraced Open Source to Speed Modernization of the Electric Grid
Paving the Way to Battle Climate Change is a case study of how two large European distribution and transmission systems operators, the Netherlands’ Alliander and France’s RTE, adopted and contributed to three significant LF Energy projects, SEAPATH, CoMPAS, and OpenSTEF so that their electrical substations can become more modular, interoperable, ...
Open Source in Entertainment: How the Academy Software Foundation Creates Shared Value
Open Source in Entertainment: How the Academy Software Foundation Creates Value tells the story of the ASWF; how it came to be, where it came from, what it has achieved so far, and where it aims to go next. It is a story about engineers and leaders who collectively generate value by developing critical open source software that powers much of the ...
Census II of Free and Open Source Software — Application Libraries
Produced in partnership with Harvard Laboratory for Innovation Science (LISH) and the Open Source Security Foundation (OpenSSF), Census II is the second investigation into the widespread use of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS). The Census II effort utilizes data from partner Software Composition Analysis (SCA) companies including Snyk, the ...
The Evolution of the Open Source Program Office (OSPO)
Produced in partnership with the TODO Group, this report provides rich insight, direction, and tools to help implement an OSPO (Open Source Program Office) or an open source initiative within corporate, academic, or public sector environments. Readers will come away with an understanding of OSPO Stages and Archetypes (or personas), which drive ...
The State of Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) and Cybersecurity Readiness
The State of Software Bill of Materials (SBOM) and Cybersecurity Readiness, produced in partnership with SPDX, OpenChain, and OpenSSF, reports on the extent of organizational SBOM readiness and adoption and its significance to improving cybersecurity throughout the open source ecosystem. The study comes on the heels of the US Administration’s ...
Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Open Source
The Linux Foundation Report on Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in Open Source in collaboration with 14 industry partners seeks to understand the demographics and dynamics concerning overall participation in open source communities and identify gaps to be addressed, all as a means to advancing inclusive cultures within open source environments. ...
Data and Storage Trends Report
This report reveals the top data and storage challenges faced by users, storage use trends, vendor product strategies, cloud storage use cases, and the important priorities for enterprises in the next three years and beyond. It was produced in partnership with the SODA Foundation, Cloud Native Computing Foundation, Storage Networking Industry ...
The State of Open Source in Financial Services Report
The first annual report, produced in partnership with FINOS, Scott Logic, Wipro, and GitHub, explores the state of open source in the financial services sector. The report identifies current levels of consumption and contribution of open source software and standards in this industry and the governance, cultural, and aspirational issues pertaining ...
9th Annual Open Source Jobs Report
Produced in partnership with edX, this report provides actionable insights on the state of open source talent that employers can use to inform their hiring, training, and diversity awareness efforts. It also provides IT professionals with clear insight on which skills are most marketable and how training and certification efforts benefit job ...
Hyperledger Brand Study
Over the summer of 2021, Linux Foundation Research undertook an independent survey to explore the state of the enterprise blockchain market and the Hyperledger brand. The research team collected quantitative and qualitative data from a broad community with knowledge of enterprise blockchain covering a range of topics, including familiarity with ...
More About LF Research
Open source communities are at the heart of an explosion of technical innovation, where industry leaders, engineers, and end users are collectively creating and improving the digital infrastructure on which the global economy depends.
With an extensive community of members, connections with thousands of companies, and hundreds of thousands of open source contributors, professionals, solution providers, and users, the Linux Foundation is in a unique position to investigate the growing scale of open source collaboration, and provide insights into emerging technology trends, best practices, and global impact of open source projects.
By leveraging project databases and networks, and through a commitment to best practices in quantitative and qualitative methodologies, Linux Foundation Research is designed to be the go-to repository for open source insights for the benefit of organizations and governments the world over.